Bìa tạp chí



The occurrence of mycotoxins in food collected from some northern provinces of Vietnam in 2019

Nguyen Thi Ha Binh Nguyen Ngoc Son Nguyen Thi Lan Tran Cao Son
Published 08/28/2020

Article Details

How to Cite
Nguyen Thi Ha Binh, Nguyen Ngoc Son, Nguyen Thi Lan, Tran Cao Son. "The occurrence of mycotoxins in food collected from some northern provinces of Vietnam in 2019". Vietnam Journal of Food Control. vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 183-191, 2020

Main Article Content


This study investigated the content of aflatoxin, ochratoxin A, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol and fumonisin B1 in some food product. Samples were extracted and cleaned by QUEChERS approach. The extract was measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The positive samples were reconfirmed by standard methods using immunoaffinity extraction. The detection limit of the method for aflatoxin, fumonisin B1, ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone were 0.5, 30, 0.5, 60, and 3.0 µg/kg, respectively. The recoveries of all analytes were in the range of 70 - 110%. The repeatability coefficient of variation were in the range of 5,1 - 13%. Among the 300 food samples tested, there were 43 samples detected with studied mycotoxins, accounting for 14.3%, mainly focusing on unprocessed cereals. In which, 10 spice samples, 04 peanuts and sesame samples, 01 candy sample, 01 sample of nutritious cereal flour, and 01 food supplement sample were found to be contaminated with aflatoxin, ochratoxin A exceeding the maximum level of Ministry Of Health according to QCVN 8-1 : 2011/BYT.


LC-MS/MS, aflatoxin, ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisin B1


[1]. L. Anfossi, C. Giovannoli and C. Baggiani, “Mycotoxin detection”, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 37, pp. 120-126, 2016.
[2]. Á. M. Francisco, M. Valle-Algarra, R. Mateo, J. V. Gimeno-Adelantado, F. Mateo and M. Jiménez, “Survey of the mycobiota of Spanish malting barley and evaluation of the mycotoxin producing potential of species of Alternaria, Aspergillus and Fusarium”, International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol 108, no. 2, pp. 196-203, 2006.
[3]. M. Sharman, J. Gilbert and J. Chelkowski, “A survey of the occurrence of the mycotoxin moniliformin in cereal samples from sources worldwide”, Food Additives & Contaminants, vol 8, no. 4, pp. 459-466, 1991.
[4]. G. Jard , T. Liboz, F. Mathieu, A. Guyonvarc’h and A Lebrihi, “Review of mycotoxin reduction in food and feed: from prevention in the field to detoxification by adsorption or transformation”, Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1590-1609, 2011.
[5]. Y. Ren, Y. Zhang, S. Shao, Z. Cai, L. Feng, H. Pan and Z. Wang, “Simultaneous determination of multi-component mycotoxin contaminants in foods and feeds by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry”, Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 1143, no. 1-2, pp. 48-64, 2007.
[6]. C. Tabuc, I. Taranu and L. Calin, “Survey of mould and mycotoxin contamination of cereals in South-Eastern Romania in 2008-2010”, Archiva Zootechnica, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 25-38, 2011.
[7]. J. D. Di Mavungu, S. Monbaliu, M-L. Scippo, G. Maghuin-Rogister, Y-J. Schneider, Y. Larondelle, A. Callebaut, J. Robbens, C. Van Peteghem and S. De Saeger, “LC-MS/MS multi-analyte method for mycotoxin determination in food supplements”, Food Additives and Contaminants, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 885-895, 2009.
[8]. M. Sulyok, R. Krska and R. Schuhmacher, “Application of an LC-MS/MS based multi-mycotoxin method for the semi-quantitative determination of mycotoxins occurring in different types of food infected by moulds”, Food Chemistry, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 408-416, 2010.
[9]. D. H. Tuan, T. C. Son, L. D. Chi, N. T. H. Binh, L. T. P. Thảo, L. T. H. Hao, L. D. Tuyen, T. N. H. Thu, “Dietary exposure and health risk characterization of aflatoxin B1, ochratoxin A, fumonisin B1, and zearalenone in food from different provinces in Northern Vietnam”, Food Control, vol. 112, 107108, 2020.